GCSE Leisure and Tourism

Key components of the leisure industry

Activity 1 – Read the information below and make notes (click here if you are not sure how to take notes)


Leisure time is the time you have when you are not at work or school and do not have ‘jobs’ to do, it is the free time you have.

People use their leisure time differently depending on factors such as age, gender, interests and culture. You can learn more about how and where people spend their leisure time here

The leisure industry is made up of 5 categories:

leisure components


The leisure industry includes:

  • Activities done during leisure time – either at home or elsewhere
  •  Leisure facilities – where the leisure activity takes place e.g: a cinema. You can learn more about leisure facilities here

Sport and physical recreation 


Physical recreation is participating (playing or doing) any physical activity including sports but also things like hiking and fishing.

Sports can be:

  • Active or participative – e.g: playing rugby or badminton
  • Passive or spectator (watching) e.g: watching a football match


Sport and physical recreation can take place outdoors (on a pitch for example) indoors or on water.


Arts and entertainment 

arts and ent

Arts and entertainment are activities which take place outside of your home which entertain you. Like sport and physical recreation, this can include things which you take part in (Bingo for example) or things which you watch (a play or a film for example).

Examples of arts and entertainment activities include: 

  • Theatre – watching plays or musicals for example
  • Opera
  • Concerts
  • Dance
  • Cinema and IMAX
  • Cabaret
  • Stand-up comedy
  • Art galleries
  • Exhibitions
  • Festivals
  • Magic shows
  • Children’s shows – puppet shows for example


Countryside recreation 

countryside rec

Countryside recreation involves any activities done in the countryside or outdoors in areas such as National Parks, coasts or in mountain areas.

Examples of countryside recreation activities include: 

  • Scenic drives
  • fishing
  • walking
  • hiking
  • skiing
  • caving
  • picnics
  • photography
  • painting
  • sailing


Home-based leisure 


Home-based leisure is any activity done at home during leisure time.

Examples of home-based leisure activities include: 

  • Listening to or playing music
  • TV
  • Arts and crafts
  • DIY and home improvements
  • Gardening
  • Internet – social media for example
  • Reading
  • Games
  • Cooking and baking


Play – and activity based leisure 


Play-based leisure is activities which are usually associated with children. These activities can take place in a variety of leisure facilities such as parks, purpose-built play areas, beaches and the countryside.

Examples of play – and – activity based leisure activities include: 

  • Children’s indoor play areas – e.g: Big Fun
  • Parks
  • Outdoor adventure areas – e.g: Go Ape
  • Bouncy castles
  • Children’s activity days e.g: at swimming pools
  • Mother and toddler groups


Activity 2 – Check your learning and complete the quiz

Leaderboard: Key Components of the Leisure Industry

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Key Components of the Leisure Industry

This quiz covers the key components of the leisure industry.

Activity 3 – Complete the Exam Questions Below

Question 1




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Question 6