GCSE Leisure and Tourism

Methods of travel

Travel can be divided into 3 types:

  • Travel to and from a destination, attraction or leisure facility e.g: a flight, train, coach etc
  • Travel around a destination e.g: a taxi
  • Travel methods as a type of tourism (where the travel method is a key part of your holiday) e.g: a cruise or a sailing holiday

Information on the factors influencing customer choice of travel method can be found here

Air travel 


The UK has both large international airports such as London Heathrow and Manchester, and smaller international airports such as Humberside and Leeds – Bradford.

There are 2 main types of air travel:
Scheduled flights
Charter flights

Scheduled flights
Scheduled flights are flights operated by airlines which fly specific routes, at specific times, on a weekly timetable. They fly no matter how many seats are full. The main scheduled airlines in the UK include British Airways and Virgin Atlantic.
Charter flights
Charter flights also run on a timetable, but they are used by package holiday companies and tour operators such as Thomson which hire out planes for their customers. Charter airlines often use smaller airports in the UK.
Budget flights
Budget flights are short -haul flights on routes to major cities and popular holiday destinations. Budget airlines tend to be the cheapest, but offer very little other than an actual seat on the plane and luggage allowances are often very small. Budget airlines includes jet2.com, EasyJet and Ryanair.

air pros and cons


 Rail travel 


Rail travel in the UK includes intercity, regional and national services. Most major cities and towns have train stations, along with some countryside areas and villages. Rail is a popular often for people wishing to get to an airport or business travellers wishing to get to another city.

Tickets can be fairly cheap if booked in advance and different classes are available depending on budget.

Trains can often be quicker than driving by car as they do not experience traffic, however they can be delayed due to poor weather conditions or strikes for example. They can also get very busy during peak commuter times, and this can mean very crowded trains.

There are also restrictions on the amount of luggage which could be taken on a train as there isn’t a massive amount of room.

Trains often offer food and drink, and plug sockets for plugging in laptops and other electronic devices.

train table


Sea travel 


As the UK is an island, travel by sea is an important oart of the travel industry in the UK.
There are many off-shore islands such as the Isle of Man and the Orkney Islands which rely on ferries to transport goods and people.

Ferries can be either:
Passenger-only ferries – Crossings up to an hour
Car ferries, which also take lorries and caravans – longer routes

Ferry crossings are often cheap and companies such as P&O often offer discounts and special offers. However, they can often take a long time and are not as quick as flying for example.

Regular ferry services operate between the UK and Ireland, France, Belgium and the Netherlands. Most ferries will have shops and cafes on board, and accommodation is available on over night routes.

Ferries are used to get from one place to another. A cruise however, is part of a holiday. A cruise ship will offer accommodation, swimming pools, restaurants and other facilities. Cruises are becoming a more popular holiday choice. Cruises will have a schedule of stops so that its passengers can get off the ship and visit different places, coming back to the ship afterwards.

sea table


Road travel 


The extensive UK motorway network connects all the major cities and some countryside areas in the UK. Almost no where on the UK mainland is particularly difficult to access. Cars, buses and coaches all sue roads to transport passengers to their destinations.

Car travel can be:
Private car (your own)
Hired car
Hired cars can be hired for a reasonably cheap cost to use to get to destinations and whilst you are there. Hire car companies include Hertz, Avis and Budget.

Travelling by car can be convenient as you can take your journey at a time that suits you, take as much luggage as you can fit in your car and also not have to pay for the use of public transport. However, although renting a car can be fairly cheap, fuel costs can be high and a lot of countries drive on the right which is the opposite to in the UK.

Bus and coach travel can be:

Scheduled coach services – with a timetable, over fairly long distances often between cities. Scheduled coach companies include Megabus and National Express.
Coach tours which also include accommodation- National holidays is an example of a coach tour company.
Sightseeing tour buses – These are often open top.
Airport transfer buses – usually part of a package holiday to get you from the airport to your hotel.
Local bus services – normal bus services around a town or city.

car table